Unit 6 Assignment
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DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

Unit 6 - Chapter 13 and 14

Assignment

 

  1. Theories of Adult Psychosocial Development (Ch 14). Read each of the following statements and indicate whether it is True (T) or False (F).  Re-write each false statement so that it reads as a true statement.

 

_____  1.  According to Erikson, the early adulthood stage brings far more risks than opportunities.

 

_____  2.  Research confirms that a secure identity fosters attainment of intimacy.

 

_____  3.  People with a sense of isolation tend to compete rather than cooperate, are not accepting of differences, and are easily threatened when others get too close.

 

_____  4.  In Levinson’s theory, the life structure has little to do with one’s happiness and psychological well-being.

 

_____  5.  Most career-oriented women display “split dreams” in which both marriage and career are prominent.

 

_____  6.  “Settling down” accurately describes women’s experiences during their thirties.

 

_____  7.  Both Vaillant and Levinson agree that quality of relationships with important people shape the life course.

 

_____  8.  According to Vaillant, during their forties, men focus on career consolidation and individual achievement.

 

_____  9.  Few societies have time tables for accomplishing major developmental tasks.

 

_____  10. A major source of personality change in adulthood is conformity to or departure from the social clock.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Interview three students and ask them to list (in writing) the major life events that they anticipate occurring in their own lives in their twenties and thirties.  Nontraditional students can list events they have already experienced.  Compare and contrast the three lists.  In your paper, discuss how well the lists correspond to the developmental tasks proposed by Erikson, Levinson, and Vaillant.  Also, discuss any evidence that is revealed for a “feminine” social clock and a “masculine social clock.” 

 

  1. Present the following true/false statements, which represent common marital myths, to three individuals.  Make note of how each statement is responded to by asking the individuals to state why they believe as they do.

 

-          A couple’s satisfaction increases through the first year of marriage.

-          The best single predictor of marital satisfaction is the quality of a couple’s sex life.

-          If my spouse loves me, he or she should instinctively know what I want and need to be happy.

-          No matter how I behave, my spouse should love me simply because he or she is my spouse.

 

In your paper, summarize your findings.  For example, did the individuals tend to endorse these marital myths?  Did age have any impact on the answers?  That is, were young respondents more likely to believe these myths than older respondents?  Were there any differences in responses between married and unmarried individuals?

 

  1. Your close friends, Alex and Meredith, have been dating for nearly two years.  They have talked about marriage for several months but wonder if they should test their relationship and get used to living together first.  The couple has come to you for advice.  Using research in the text to support your answer, what would you tell Alex and Meredith about cohabitation?  Based on available research, would you recommend that the couple proceed with a trial marriage?  Why or why not.