Unit 6 - Chapter 13 and 14
- Theories of
Adult Psychosocial Development (Ch 14). Read each of the following
statements and indicate whether it is True (T) or False (F).
Re-write each false statement so that it reads as a true statement.
According to Erikson, the early adulthood stage brings far more risks
Research confirms that a secure identity fosters attainment of intimacy.
_____ 3. People
with a sense of isolation tend to compete rather than cooperate, are not
accepting of differences, and are easily threatened when others get too
_____ 4. In
Levinson’s theory, the life structure has little to do with one’s
happiness and psychological well-being.
_____ 5. Most
career-oriented women display “split dreams” in which both marriage and
career are prominent.
“Settling down” accurately describes women’s experiences during their
_____ 7. Both
Vaillant and Levinson agree that quality of relationships with important
people shape the life course.
According to Vaillant, during their forties, men focus on career
consolidation and individual achievement.
_____ 9. Few
societies have time tables for accomplishing major developmental tasks.
_____ 10. A major
source of personality change in adulthood is conformity to or departure
from the social clock.
three students and ask them to list (in writing) the major life
events that they anticipate occurring in their own lives in their
twenties and thirties. Nontraditional students can list events they
have already experienced. Compare and contrast the three lists. In
your paper, discuss how well the lists correspond to the
developmental tasks proposed by Erikson, Levinson, and Vaillant.
Also, discuss any evidence that is revealed for a “feminine” social
clock and a “masculine social clock.”
- Present the
following true/false statements, which represent common marital
myths, to three individuals. Make note of how each statement is
responded to by asking the individuals to state why they believe as
A couple’s satisfaction
increases through the first year of marriage.
The best single predictor
of marital satisfaction is the quality of a couple’s sex life.
If my spouse loves me, he
or she should instinctively know what I want and need to be happy.
No matter how I behave,
my spouse should love me simply because he or she is my spouse.
In your paper, summarize your
findings. For example, did the individuals tend to endorse these
marital myths? Did age have any impact on the answers? That is, were
young respondents more likely to believe these myths than older
respondents? Were there any differences in responses between married
and unmarried individuals?
- Your close
friends, Alex and Meredith, have been dating for nearly two years.
They have talked about marriage for several months but wonder if
they should test their relationship and get used to living together
first. The couple has come to you for advice. Using research in
the text to support your answer, what would you tell Alex and
Meredith about cohabitation? Based on available research, would you
recommend that the couple proceed with a trial marriage? Why or why